Many books on the Aleutian Islands are hard to find because they were published in small editions. These may be available through interlibrary loans. This bibliography only pertains to material mentioned in the guides to subjects mentioned in Ivory and Paper.

The book that conveys Anna and Booker into the past is Dall’s On the Remains of Later Pre-Historic Man. This is available online:

Another resource available on line is  Lost Villages of the Eastern Aleutians (2014) that Rachel Mason and I wrote in 2014.

Under “About Unangax̂” on this site I have provided links to Unangax̂ organizations with information about  history and culture.


The following are currently available for purchase or can be found in many libraries.


Berge, Anna and Moses Dirks, Niiĝuĝis Mataliin Tunux̂tazangis, How the Atkans Talk: A  Conversational Grammar, Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2008

Bergsland, Knut, Aleut Dictionary/Unangam Tunudgusii, Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1994.

Bergsland, Knut, Ancient Aleut Personal Names/Kadaangim Asangin/Asangis. Alaska Native  Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1998.

Bergsland, Knut and Moses Dirks, editors, Unangam Ungiiangin Kayux Tunusangin; Unangam Uniikangis Ama Tunuzangis/Aleut Tales and Narratives, collected 1909-1910 by Waldemar Jochelson, Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1990.

Black, Lydia T., Aleut Art: Unangam Aguqaadangin Unangan of the Aleutian Archipelago.  Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association, Anchorage, Alaska 1982. Second revised and expanded edition, 2003.

Golodoff, Suzi, Wildflowers of Unalaska Island: A Guide to the Flowering Plants of an Aleutian   Island, University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks, Alaska, second edition, 2013.

Turner, Lucien M., An Aleutian Ethnography, edited by Raymond L. Hudson, University of  Alaska Press, Fairbanks, 2008.

Veniaminov, Ivan, Notes on the Islands of the Unalaska District, translated by Lydia T.    Blackand R. H. Geoghegan, edited with an introduction by Richard A. Pierce, published jointly by The Elmer E. Rasmuson Library Translation Program, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, and The Limestone Press, Kingston, Ontario, 1984.


The following references are more difficult to find.


Black, Lydia T., “Whaling in the Aleutians,” Études/Inuit/Studies, 1987, 11(2):7-50.

Black, Lydia T. and R. G. Liapunova, “Aleut: Islanders of the North Pacific,” in William W.  Fitzhugh and Aron Crowell, Crossroads of Continents, Smithsonian Institution Press,  Washington, D.C., London, 1988:52-57.

Hrdlicka, Ales, The Aleutian and Commander Islands and Their Inhabitants, The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia, 1945.

Jones, Dorothy M., Patterns of Village Growth and Decline in the Aleutians, Institute of Social,  Economic, and Government Research, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, ISEGR, Occasional Papers, No. 11, October 1973.

Laughlin, William S. Aleuts: Survivors of the Bering Land Bridge, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1980.

Liapunova, Roza G., “The Aleuts,” in Varjola, Pirjo, ed., The Etholen Collection, National Board of Antiquities, Helsinki, Finland, 1990:136-215.

Liapunova, Roza G., Essays on the Ethnography of the Aleuts, translated by Jerry Shelest with the editorial assistance of William B. Workman and Lydia T. Black, University of Alaska  Press, Fairbanks, 1996.

Muir, John, The Cruise of the Corwin: Journal of the Arctic Expedition of 1881 in Search of  DeLong and the Jeannette, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston and New York, 1917. (Available online at

Netsvetov, Iakov, The Journals of Iakov Netsvetov: The Atkha Years, 1828-1844, translated,  with an introduction and supplementary material by Lydia T. Black, The Limestone Press, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, 1980.

Sarychev, Gavrilo, Account of a Voyage of Discovery to the North-East of Siberia, the Frozen Ocean, and the North-East Sea, London, 1806. [Reprint, DaCapo Press, New York, 1969]. (Available online at

Shaiashnikov, Innokentii, Journal 1861-1863. Bancroft Library. Preliminary translation by Lydia T. Black in the author’s collection.

Varjola, Pirjo, ed., The Etholen Collection, National Board of Antiquities, Helsinki, Finland,  1990.

Veltre, Douglas W. and Mary J. Veltre, Resource Utilization in Unalaska, Aleutian Islands,  Alaska, State of Alaska, Department of Fish and Gam, Division of Subsistence, 1982.

Veniaminov, Ioann, Journals of the Priest Ioann Veniaminov in Alaska, 1823 to 1836, translated   by Jerome Kisslinger, The Rasmuson Library, Historical Translation Series, Vol. VII,   University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks, 1993.